Anorexia occurs in all wasting diseases. Anorexia nervosa, commonly referred to as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image that results in self-imposed starvation and excessive weight loss. People with anorexia often have an obsessive preoccupation with food, dieting, and body size. This condition can have serious physical and mental health consequences and requires professional intervention for effective treatment.

Causes and Risk Factors of Anorexia

If for some reason the appetite decreases, or the mere sight causes nausea. Anorexia nervosa

  • Organic stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, pituitary gland insufficiency, tuberculosis etc.
  • Mental-anorexia nervosa.
  • Viral hepatitis and any chronic liver disease.
  • Because of the side effects of some medicines.
  • If you drink too much alcohol.

Neonatal anorexia

Not getting enough breast milk can cause the baby to lose appetite. If gas accumulates in the stomach, the child will cry in pain. So every time after breastfeeding, if you put the baby on the chest and walk on the back, the gas will come out and the baby will eat properly.

When the baby is given the vaccine, it may suffer from anorexia for two to three days. Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever etc. can also cause a child’s lack of appetite. In this case, doctor’s advice is required.

Treatment and Medication Options for Anorexia

  • Treatment should be based on the cause.
  • Anorexia nervosa should be treated with psychotherapy and saline nutrition.

Prevention of Anorexia

  • As soon as the baby learns to sit, he should get used to eating by himself. Along with learning the colors, types, and smells of different foods, children will become interested in food by learning to catch and eat different types of food.
  • A child should never be force fed or scolded or beaten. It should be fed with encouragement and praise. It should be remembered that sometimes the child’s growth slows down a bit, or sometimes the sport slows down. At that time, the demand for baby food also decreases.
  • The child should be given two light snacks between breakfast, lunch and dinner. But it should be noted that the breakfast should not be too heavy. Breakfast should not be served near the main meal. Eating a meal shortly before a heavy breakfast or main meal naturally reduces the baby’s appetite.

Anorexia and Pregnancy

Anorexia can make it harder for you to get pregnant and may cause problems during pregnancy.

If you lose an extreme amount of weight, you might not ovulate (release an egg from the ovary) each month, which makes it difficult to conceive.

Anorexia can also raise your risk of having a:

  • Miscarriage
  • Premature birth
  • C-section delivery
  • Low-birth-weight baby

Additionally, you may be more likely to experience postpartum depression after your baby is born if you have anorexia.